Integrative Therapy: A Guide to Holistic Healing

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In the quest for optimal well-being and mental health, many individuals seek a comprehensive and holistic approach that acknowledges the interconnectedness of the mind, body, and spirit.

Integrative therapy, a dynamic and innovative field, serves as a guide to such holistic healing techniques.

It combines diverse therapeutic modalities and practices to create a tailored and all-encompassing strategy for improving one’s overall health and wellness.

Theoretical Aspects of Integrative Therapy

Integrative Therapy Approach

Integrative therapy combines multiple therapeutic approaches and models to address the complex and diverse needs of clients.

This holistic approach can be better understood by examining its four main theoretical aspects: theoretical integration, technical eclecticism, assimilative integration, and common factors.

Theoretical Integration

Theoretical integration involves combining different therapeutic theories into a single, cohesive framework.

This approach allows therapists to draw from various theoretical models, such as cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, and humanistic, and apply them in a unified manner.

Integrating multiple theoretical orientations enables therapists to address a client’s diverse needs more effectively by utilizing different aspects of each theory to form a comprehensive understanding of their client’s issues.

Technical Eclecticism

Technical eclecticism focuses on selecting the most appropriate therapeutic techniques from various therapy models based on the client’s unique needs and goals.

This approach emphasizes practicality and utility over adherence to a particular theoretical orientation.

Therapists may choose to use specific techniques from cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, or other approaches, depending on what they believe will be most helpful for the client, while not necessarily adhering to one overarching theory.

Assimilative Integration

Assimilative integration is when therapists select and incorporate techniques and theoretical elements from different therapeutic orientations into an existing primary theoretical model.

This means therapists might have a primary theoretical orientation, such as psychodynamic therapy, and selectively apply ideas or techniques from other models based on their relevance and potential effectiveness in a particular client’s situation.

Common Factors

Integrative Approach to Therapy

The common factors approach emphasizes the shared elements between different therapeutic methods that contribute to their overall effectiveness.

These factors can include the therapeutic relationship, empathy, goal setting, and other aspects that lie at the core of most therapy models.

By focusing on these common elements, therapists can implement essential and universally applicable concepts regardless of their theoretical orientation.

Techniques Used

Integrative therapy combines various specific therapeutic techniques to tailor a personalized and flexible approach for each individual.

This holistic approach considers the individual’s emotional, physical, and mental well-being to create a more comprehensive and effective treatment.

One of the strengths of integrative therapy is its adaptability to each individual’s needs. The therapist can create a unique treatment plan specific to each client by utilizing multiple techniques from different therapeutic modalities.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), for example, is widely known for its practical and solution-focused approach.

It helps clients understand the relationship between thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, enabling them to modify these patterns for better coping.

When integrated with other therapies, it can potentially amplify the benefits of an overall treatment plan.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)

Another therapy worth integrating is Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT), which specifically addresses interpersonal issues that contribute to psychological distress.

Combining IPT with other therapies can enhance the understanding and resolution of relational issues, offering comprehensive support for interpersonal problems within various settings.

Schema Therapy

Schema Therapy is another modality that combines elements of CBT, Gestalt, and psychodynamic approaches to treat entrenched patterns of emotional and relational difficulties.

This integrative nature of Schema Therapy allows it to address the multifaceted nature of clients’ issues, making it a beneficial addition to a psychotherapist’s toolkit.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Integrative Therapy

For a more in-depth understanding of the unconscious mind and the influence of past experiences, Psychodynamic Therapy offers valuable insights that can complement other therapeutic approaches.

Including psychodynamic concepts in a treatment plan provides a comprehensive understanding of the underlying issues behind recurring patterns and troubling symptoms.

Humanistic Therapy

Humanistic Therapy, on the other hand, emphasizes clients’ inherent potential for growth and self-actualization.

By incorporating humanistic elements, psychotherapists can help clients harness their internal resources and innate capacity for change, thus enhancing other therapeutic methods employed during treatment.

Family Systems Therapy

Considering family dynamics, Family Systems Therapy is essential for understanding and addressing issues that stem from family and relationship patterns.

Adding this therapeutic approach to the integration process can lead to more effective and long-lasting results, especially when addressing issues related to clients’ family interactions and roles.

Gestalt Therapy

Lastly, Gestalt Therapy focuses on the here-and-now experience, emphasizing clients’ awareness of thoughts, emotions, and bodily sensations.

The inclusion of Gestalt techniques can aid therapists in facilitating their clients’ self-awareness and assist in building a strong therapeutic alliance, enhancing the overall effectiveness of the treatment process.

Integrative Therapy for Different Mental Health Conditions

Integrative Psychotherapy

Integrative therapy combines various therapeutic approaches to address the individual needs of a person with mental health issues.

It has been shown to be effective in treating a range of conditions, including anxiety, stress, trauma, depression, low self-esteem, personality disorders, dissociation, and bereavement.

This section provides an overview of how integrative therapy can be used to help individuals with different mental health conditions.

Anxiety and Stress

Anxiety and stress are common mental health concerns that can disrupt daily functioning.

Integrative therapy can use techniques from cognitive-behavioral therapymindfulness-based therapies, and relaxation training to help manage these conditions.


Trauma can result from a variety of life experiences and often requires comprehensive interventions.

Integrative therapy may incorporate elements from trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapyeye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), and body-based practices to address the psychological and physical effects of trauma.


Depression is a pervasive mental health condition that can significantly impact an individual’s well-being.

Integrative therapy can target depression through various approaches, such as mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy, and behavioral activation.

Combining these therapeutic tools allows for a tailored approach to alleviate depressive symptoms.

Low self-esteem

Integrative Approach Psychology

Low self-esteem often underlies many mental health conditions and can be addressed through integrative therapy.

Techniques stemming from cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy can help individuals build a healthier self-image and improve self-esteem.

Personality disorders

Personality disorders encompass a diverse range of mental health issues, including borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and avoidant personality disorder.

Integrative therapy often incorporates dialectical behavior therapyschema therapy, and psychodynamic approaches to address the specific challenges related to each disorder.


Dissociation is a psychological phenomenon where an individual disconnects from the present moment and their sense of self.

Integrative therapy can involve trauma-focused interventions, body-based practices, and mindfulness techniques to help reduce dissociative symptoms and improve mental health.


Bereavement describes the emotional and psychological distress that occurs following the loss of a loved one.

Integrative therapy can draw from grief counseling, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and attachment-based therapy to help individuals process and cope with their loss.

Benefits and Risks of Integrative Therapy

Integrative Therapy Approach

Integrative therapy combines multiple therapeutic approaches to provide a more comprehensive and personalized treatment plan for clients.

By addressing physical, emotional, and mental health issues, this approach aims to improve overall well-being. However, it’s crucial to consider both the benefits and risks associated with integrative therapy.


EffectivenessEnhance the Support SystemPositive Impact on Health
Individuals receive tailored care that caters to their specific needs, leading to better outcomes.Integrative therapy also fosters a strong therapeutic alliance between the client and the therapist. This collaboration creates a robust support system that can enhance the therapy process.By taking a holistic approach, individuals receive guidance on improving their lifestyle, diet, and exercise routines, all of which can positively impact their health.


However, there are potential risks to consider. Even with the best intentions, any treatment can present unforeseen challenges or adverse effects.

Clients and therapists must discuss the possible risks and side effects associated with the variety of therapies that may be applied during the integrative process.

While integrative therapy holds promise for many individuals, its effectiveness significantly depends on the unique needs and preferences of the client.

It is essential to work with experienced professionals who are knowledgeable about various therapeutic modalities and can assess the potential safety and benefits in each case.

By doing so, clients can make informed decisions about the best intervention strategies for their specific situation and enjoy the advantages while minimizing the risks associated with integrative therapy.

Treatment Modalities in Integrative Therapy

Integrative Model Psychology

Integrative therapy is a comprehensive approach to mental health treatment, combining various therapeutic techniques and theories to create a tailored plan for each individual, family, or group.

Integrative therapists utilize a range of treatment modalities to address the unique needs and goals of their clients, ultimately promoting holistic healing and personal growth.

Individual Therapy

One modality commonly used in integrative therapy is individual therapy. Here, therapists work one-on-one with individuals to help them understand and navigate their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.

This private setting allows for a strong therapeutic alliance and personalized attention, thus facilitating deep exploration of personal issues and the development of effective coping strategies.

Family Therapy

In family therapy, the focus shifts to the dynamics within a family unit.

Integrative therapists often use techniques drawn from systemic therapy, which acknowledges the interconnectedness of family members and how their individual behaviors impact the entire unit.

By helping families communicate more effectively and resolve conflicts in healthier ways, therapists aim to improve the overall emotional well-being of each member.

Group Therapy

Group therapy is another modality that can be incorporated into integrative practice.

In this format, a therapist leads a group of individuals who share similar issues or experiences, fostering an environment of supportunderstanding, and learning.

Many integrative therapists find that group therapy can provide an additional layer of healing as participants learn from one another’s insights and gain new perspectives on their own experiences.

How to Find a Therapist Who Specializes in Integrative Therapy?

Integrative Therapist

To find a therapist who specializes in integrative therapy you can reach out to friends, family members, or healthcare professionals who may have experience working with therapists who practice integrative therapy. Personal recommendations can provide valuable insights and help you narrow down your search.

Additionally, you can use online directories, such as to search for therapists who list integrative therapy as one of their specialties or approaches, like May Izadi or Sean Sprigle. Take the time to read therapists’ profiles or websites to learn more about their background, training, therapeutic approach, and areas of expertise.

Once you’ve identified potential therapists, contact them directly to inquire about their approach to therapy and how they integrate different modalities into their practice. You can schedule an initial phone consultation or ask questions via email to get a sense of whether the therapist’s approach aligns with your needs and preferences.

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the common types of integrative therapy?

There are several common types of integrative therapy, which combine elements from different therapeutic approaches to create a more personalized treatment plan.

Some of these include:

  1. Integrative psychotherapy: This approach brings together various psychological theories and techniques to address a person’s specific needs.
  2. Integrative cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): It combines traditional CBT with other therapeutic techniques, such as mindfulness and acceptance-based practices.
  3. Integrative psychodynamic therapy: This type integrates psychodynamic principles with other therapeutic approaches, allowing the therapist to draw from a wider range of tools.
  4. Integrative humanistic therapy: This method combines humanistic theories with other therapeutic approaches to create a more comprehensive treatment plan.

What is the difference between integrative psychotherapy and eclectic therapy?

While both integrative psychotherapy and eclectic therapy involve drawing from multiple therapeutic approaches, there are key differences between the two.

Integrative therapy involves a deliberate blending of different theories and techniques into a cohesive and unified treatment plan for the client.

The therapist actively works to create a framework that integrates these various methods to benefit the client’s specific needs.

On the other hand, eclectic therapy refers to a more unplanned, flexible approach in which the therapist selects individual techniques from various theoretical backgrounds without necessarily forming a unified framework.

The primary focus in eclectic therapy is on what works best for the client in the current situation rather than following a predetermined, integrated plan.

Is cognitive-behavioral therapy considered an integrative therapy?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a widely practiced therapeutic approach that can be considered integrative, depending on how it is applied.

Traditionally, CBT focuses on helping clients identify and modify maladaptive thoughts and behaviors.

However, many therapists have begun to incorporate elements from other therapeutic approaches, such as mindfulness and acceptance-based practices, to create a more comprehensive and flexible treatment plan.

In this way, CBT can become an integrative therapy when it is combined with other techniques and theories to address the specific needs of the client.

However, it is essential to note that not all forms of CBT are necessarily integrative. Some CBT practitioners may adhere strictly to the traditional model, while others may choose to incorporate additional methods, making it an integrative therapy.


Modic, K. U., & Žvelc, G. (2015). Helpful aspects of the therapeutic relationship in integrative psychotherapy. International Journal of Integrative Psychotherapy6, 1-25. Link.

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About the author

Eliana Galindo
Eliana is a dedicated psychologist from Colombia who has gained extensive experience and made significant contributions in child development, clinical psychology, and rehabilitation psychology.Her work as a rehabilitation psychologist with disabled children has been transformative and compassionate. In the child development field, she creates nurturing environments through assessments, interventions, and collaboration with families.In clinical psychology, she supports individuals overcoming mental health challenges with empathy and evidence-based approaches. Inspired by her experiences, Eliana is motivated to write about mental health, aiming to raise awareness and advocate for a compassionate and inclusive approach to well-being.

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