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LPC vs. LMFT: Comparing Counseling Professions

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Licensed professional counselors (LPCs) and licensed marriage and family therapists (LMFTs) are both vital professionals in the field of mental health, providing therapy and counseling services to individuals, couples, and families.

While both professions have overlapping skills and can address mental health concerns effectively, choosing between an LPC and an LMFT may depend on the specific needs of a client.

Those looking for support with personal mental health issues may lean towards an LPC, while individuals, couples, or families seeking to resolve relational difficulties might find an LMFT to be a more suitable match.

Understanding LPC and LMFT

Understanding LPC and LMFT

When considering the fields of licensed professional counselor (LPC) and licensed marriage and family therapist (LMFT), it’s essential to recognize their distinct roles in mental health, differences in educational paths, and respective licensure requirements.

Both are dedicated to providing support and therapy but cater to different client needs and practices within varied settings.

Definitions of LPC and LMFT

Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs)Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs)
LPCs are mental health professionals who work with individuals to promote mental well-being, offering diagnosis and counseling services. LMFTs specialize in relationship dynamics, providing therapy to couples and families to resolve emotional and psychological issues.

Core Responsibilities

Though overlapping in some treatment modalities, each pursues a distinct approach corresponding to their field.

Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs)Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs)
LPCs specialize in individual therapy and conducting mental health assessments.LMFTs focus on family therapy and relationship counseling.
Their training equips them to work with individuals one-on-one, addressing a wide range of mental health concerns through personalized therapeutic approaches.Their expertise lies in navigating the complexities of familial dynamics and providing counseling that addresses relational challenges.

Educational Paths

To become an LPC or LMFT, one must typically obtain a graduate degree in counseling or a related field. In the following table you will find the specific requirements for each professional.

Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs)Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs)
The educational requirements for licensed professional counselors (LPCs) involve obtaining a Master’s degree in counseling or psychology.Licensed marriage and family therapists (LMFTs) are required to attain a Master’s degree, specifically in marriage and family therapy.
LPC programs are often aligned with standards set by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs (CACREP).LMFT programs may adhere to the standards of the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE).

Licensure Requirements

Licensure Requirements

State licensure is mandatory for both professions, often entailing post-graduate supervised experience, passing a relevant examination, and adherence to ongoing education.

Below, you can find the specific exam each aspirant must pass.

LPC LicensureLMFT Licensure
National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) examination, state-specific criteria.American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards (AMFTRB) exam, unique state requirements.

Treatment Techniques

Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs) and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs) specialize in employing a diverse array of treatment techniques tailored to meet the unique needs of their clients.

This section delves into the diverse techniques used by each professional.

Licensed Professional Counselors

These professionals use a variety of therapeutic techniques and approaches to help individuals address mental health concerns, improve well-being, and achieve personal growth.

Some common therapeutic techniques used by LPCs include:

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)Focuses on identifying and challenging negative thought patterns and beliefs that contribute to distressing emotions and behaviors.
Mindfulness-Based ApproachesAre integrated into therapy to promote present-moment awareness and acceptance of thoughts, emotions, and sensations.
Person-Centered TherapyEmphasizes empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuineness in the therapeutic relationship.
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)Is a goal-oriented approach that focuses on identifying clients’ strengths, resources, and solutions to current problems.
Motivational Interviewing (MI)Is a collaborative, client-centered approach that explores ambivalence and resistance to change.

Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists

Professional Roles and Specializations

Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs) employ a range of therapeutic techniques and approaches tailored to the unique dynamics of relationships and family systems.

Here are some common therapeutic techniques used by LMFTs:

Systems TheoryLMFTs approach therapy from a systemic perspective, viewing individuals within the context of their relationships and larger family systems.

They assess how patterns of interaction, communication, and power dynamics within the family contribute to presenting issues and work collaboratively with clients to enact positive change
Structural Family TherapyFocuses on restructuring family dynamics and boundaries to promote healthier interactions and relationships.
Strategic Family TherapyEmphasizes problem-solving and symptom relief through targeted interventions.
Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT)Is a structured approach to couples therapy that focuses on identifying and reshaping patterns of emotional responsiveness and attachment.
Couple and Family EnactmentsLMFTs facilitate role-playing exercises and enactments to help couples and families explore underlying emotions, interact in new ways, and experiment with alternative behaviors.

    Professional Roles and Specializations

    In comparing licensed professional counselors (LPC) and licensed marriage and family therapists (LMFT), one must consider their distinct clinical training, areas of specialization, and practical applications in therapy.

    These factors define their roles and guide their approach to addressing various mental health issues.

    Clinical Training and Skills

    LPCs and LMFTs receive rigorous clinical training, although their education and practice focus might differ.

    Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs)Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs)
    LPCs are trained to diagnose and assess a wide range of mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. LMFTs, on the other hand, center their skills on therapy involving relationships, particularly marital and family dynamics.
    Their training emphasizes individual counseling, and they are equipped with a broad array of intervention strategies.Their expertise lies in addressing problems like divorceconflict, and interpersonal issues within the family system context.

    Practical Applications in Therapy

    Comparative Analysis
    Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs)Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (LMFTs)
    Practical implications of their roles see LPCs often working one-on-one with clients, tailoring intervention plans to individual circumstances.LMFTs are likely to conduct sessions with multiple family members, facilitating dialogue and fostering an understanding of the family structure to find solutions.
    Individualized counseling sessions focus on personal skill development and client empowerment.Group therapy settings, emphasis on relational dynamics, strategies aimed at improving family functioning.

    Overlap and Collaboration Between LPCs and LMFTs

    While distinct in their primary approaches and clientele, LPCs and LMFTs often find common ground in the multidisciplinary approach to therapy.

    In settings such as mental health clinics or hospitals, they may be part of a collaborative team to provide comprehensive care.

    This teamwork can prove highly effective, combining the strengths of LPCs’ understanding of individual psychological processes with LMFTs’ expertise in relational dynamics.

    How to Find an LPC or an LMFT

    Finding a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) or a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) who is a good fit for your needs is an important step in seeking mental health support.

    Use online directories such as to search for LPCs or LMFTs in your area or online. This directory allows you to filter therapists based on location, specialties, insurance accepted, and treatment approaches. There, you can find LPCs like Tami Hubbard or Meghan Yahrling and LMFTs like Katlyn Maves.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Frequently Asked Questions

    What are the similarities and differences between the responsibilities of LPCs and psychologists?

    Both LPCs and psychologists aim to improve their client’s mental health, but their training and focus areas differ.

    LPCs have master’s degrees in counseling and are trained to work with individuals, families, and groups in treating emotional, behavioral, and mental disorders.

    Psychologists typically hold doctoral degrees and may offer psychological testing and research in addition to therapy.

    In what settings do LPCs and LMFTs commonly practice?

    LPCs and LMFTs are found in a variety of settings, including private practiceshospitals, and community health centers. 

    LPCs often work with a broad demographic on personal and psychological issues, while LMFTs specialize in relational dynamics and typically work with couples and families.

    Can LPCs and LMFTs provide therapy for children?

    Yes, both LPCs and LMFTs can provide therapy for children. They are trained to address a range of issues faced by children, but their approaches may vary.

    LPCs might focus on the child’s individual psychological needs, while LMFTs may involve family systems in the therapeutic process.

    Are LPCs and LMFTs equally qualified to treat mental health disorders?

    LPCs and LMFTs both possess the qualifications to treat mental health disorders, but their methodologies can differ. 

    LPCs may apply various counseling theories to address individual mental health conditions, while LMFTs may approach these disorders through the lens of family systems theory.


    Brady-Amoon, P., & Keefe-Cooperman, K. (2017). Psychology, counseling psychology, and professional counseling: Shared roots, challenges, and opportunities. The European Journal of Counselling Psychology6(1), 41-62. Link.

    D’Aniello, C., & Fife, S. T. (2020). A 20‐year review of common factors research in marriage and family therapy: A mixed methods content analysis. Journal of marital and family therapy46(4), 701-718. Link.

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    About the author

    Eliana Galindo
    Eliana is a dedicated psychologist from Colombia who has gained extensive experience and made significant contributions in child development, clinical psychology, and rehabilitation psychology. Her work as a rehabilitation psychologist with disabled children has been transformative and compassionate. In the child development field, she creates nurturing environments through assessments, interventions, and collaboration with families. In clinical psychology, she supports individuals overcoming mental health challenges with empathy and evidence-based approaches. Inspired by her experiences, Eliana is motivated to write about mental health, aiming to raise awareness and advocate for a compassionate and inclusive approach to well-being.

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