What to Know By:


  1. Take Preventive tests.  Soon after you turn 50, there are few preventive tests you should take if you haven't already.  These include a colonoscopy, a bone density test and, for women, a Pap smear and a mammogram.  Men should discuss prostate-cancer screening with their doctor.
  2. Know your health risks.  These include high blood pressure, diabetes and ovarian cancer for women.  Know how to prevent and treat these illnesses.  If you haven't already, it's time to quit sitting too much, drinking too much and smoking.
  3. Step up your fitness.  The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says all adults age 18 to 64 need 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise a week.

Age 60

At age 60, you will want to pay special attention toyour sexual health, you heart and your mental well-being. Fitness is still essential, though you may find you want to adapt your routine to your  current fitness level to avoid injuries.

  1. Mind you sexual health.  Maintaining an active and satisfying sex life is part libido, part mindset and part health.  If things are not as you would like in the bedroom, see your doctor.  I may be that prostate problems for men or sysmptoms associated with menopause for women are slowing you down. 
  2. Maintain your fitness.  Try basic DIY baseline tests to see where you stan, and follow the tips for inproving your strenght, flexibility and endurance based on the results.
  3. Recognize and treat depression.  Depression is common in oler adults.  Untreated, it can lead to a loss of quality of life and even suicide.  Know the signs of depression and see a mental health professional if you need help.  Depression is treatable and you don't have to live with it.

Age 70

By the time you are 70, the focus is on continued fitness, nutrition and falls prevention.  Mental health is also important.  And good news-you don't need so many health screening.

  1. Keep exercising.  You may need to alter you routine, but maintaining regular aerobic activity and weight training are expecially important as you near your 70's.  If you have fallen out of the habit, it's not too late to start.
  2. Eat well.  While ther is a tendency to gain weight from your 30's to 50's, weight loss is more typical after 60.  SOme of this due to the loss of muscle and some to poor nutrition.  Research shows the better you eat, the longer you live.
  3. Avoid falls.  A fall and broken hip can lead to a precipitous decline in health.  Take stepd to avoid falls and prevent injury.
  4. Care for your mental heatlh.  Binge drinking and depression are both risks among those 70 and older.  But research also shows this can be a time of renewed happiness compared to the 40s and 50s, a progression called the U-Curve. 

This article is by Liza Kaufman Hogan with premission to share by Public Heatlh Corps.